Caesarea


Caesarea
   (Palestinae), a city on the shore of the Mediterranean, on the great road from Tyre to Egypt, about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, at the northern extremity of the plain of Sharon. It was built by Herod the Great (B.C. 10), who named it after Caesar Augustus, hence called Caesarea Sebaste (Gr. Sebastos = "Augustus"), on the site of an old town called "Strato's Tower." It was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the governors or procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was the great Gentile city of Palestine, with a spacious artificial harbour. It was adorned with many buildings of great splendour, after the manner of the Roman cities of the West. Here Cornelius the centurion was converted through the instrumentality of Peter (Acts 10:1, 24), and thus for the first time the door of faith was opened to the Gentiles. Philip the evangelist resided here with his four daughters (21:8). From this place Saul sailed for his native Tarsus when forced to flee from Jerusalem (9:30), and here he landed when returning from his second missionary journey (18:22). He remained as a prisoner here for two years before his voyage to Rome (Acts 24:27; 25:1, 4, 6, 13). Here on a "set day," when games were celebrated in the theatre in honour of the emperor Claudius, Herod Agrippa I. appeared among the people in great pomp, and in the midst of the idolatrous homage paid to him was suddenly smitten by an angel, and carried out a dying man. He was "eaten of worms" (12:19-23), thus perishing by the same loathsome disease as his granfather, Herod the Great. It still retains its ancient name Kaiseriyeh, but is now desolate. "The present inhabitants of the ruins are snakes, scorpions, lizards, wild boars, and jackals." It is described as the most desolate city of all Palestine.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • CAESAREA — CAESAREA, ancient city on the coast midway between Tel AVIV and Haifa. From Ancient Times to the Mamluks Caesarea was originally called Straton s Tower after its founder Straton (Abd Ashtart), who was probably a ruler of Sidon in the 4th century… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Caesarea —   [lateinisch »die Kaiserliche«], griechisch Kaisạreia, Name mehrerer Städte des Römischen Reiches zu Ehren eines Kaisers:    1) Caesarea Cappadociae, in Zentralanatolien, Hauptstadt von Kappadokien, heute Kayseri.    2) Caesarea Mauret …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Caesarea —     Caesarea     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Caesarea     A Latin titular see, and the seat of a residential Armenian bishopric, in Cappadocia (Asia Minor). The native name of this city was Mazaka, after Mosoch, the legendary Cappadocian hero. It… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Caesarea — [ses΄ə rē′ə, sez΄ə rē′ə, sē΄zərē′ə] 1. seaport in ancient Palestine, on the Mediterranean, south of Haifa, Israel: Roman capital of Palestine 2. city in ancient Palestine, near Mt. Hermon: also Caesarea Philippi 3. ancient name for KAYSERI …   English World dictionary

  • Caesarea — Latin city name derived from CAESAR (Cf. Caesar), applied in honor of the emperors to some new and existing cities in the Roman Empire, including Kayseri, Turkey; Shaizar, Syria, and Cherchell, Algeria (representing a French spelling of an Arabic …   Etymology dictionary

  • Caesarea — For other uses, see Caesarea (disambiguation). Caesarea Caesarea Maritima Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Caesarea — Den Namen Caesarea trugen folgende in der Antike zu Ehren Caesars oder eines römischen Kaisers benannte Städte: in der kleinasiatischen Landschaft Kappadokien, siehe Kayseri; an der Mittelmeerküste Israels, siehe Caesarea Maritima; am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caesarea — /see zeuh ree euh, ses euh , sez euh /, n. 1. an ancient seaport in NW Israel: Roman capital of Palestine. 2. ancient name of Kayseri. * * * modern Ḥorbat Qesari Ancient seaport, Palestine. Located on the coast of present day Israel south of the… …   Universalium

  • CAESAREA — I. CAESAREA Mauritaniae urbs. Plin l. 3. c. 3. Cabo Figalo Pineto. In Africa. Celebris in Histor. Rom. Afris dicta Tiguident, seu vetus urbs, a Califis destructa, A. C. 959. Rudera magnitudinem loquuntur. Sub Arabibus, divitiis Academiisque, unde …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Caesarea — noun Name of numerous cities and locations in the Roman Empire, among them Caesarea Mazaca, capital of Cappadocia (modern Kayseri) and Caesarea Maritima, capital of province Palestine …   Wiktionary

  • Caesarea — Built on the coast by Herod the Great in honour of Caesar Augustus; it became the official residence of Roman prefects. Its inhabitants were both Jews and Gentiles, and the Christian way was brought there by Philip (Acts 8:40; 21:8). Peter became …   Dictionary of the Bible